All the big cities of Pakistan and other countries are facing severe traffic issues due to more cars, poor road management and poor practices on behalf of employees.
One of the main reasons of traffic congestion is due to more cars on the road. More people want their own personal transport to get around with. One family possess three to four cars at a time. As the number of cars increase the chance of congestion also increases. That’s why in smaller towns and villages congestion is almost unheard of.
Mostly developed countries lack proper infrastructure. Councils and national governments fail to act on the looming threat of heavy traffic until it happens. The roads doesn’t expand along with an increasingly car reliant population. A single street with a lane on each side before might not suffice in ten years after the population has increased. Authorities often fail to convert this into a dual carriageway.
Alternate routes are also a problem. Cities have limited capacity to expand due to poor funding and the restrictions preventing building on green belt spaces. Cities are forced to work with the routes they already have. If they can’t increase the number of lanes it leads to congestion.
Employers can also play a part in dealing with congestion. Congestion almost always happens when people are travelling to and from work. Traffic congestion has eased in recent years as a result of growing unemployment and the introduction of more flexible work hours.
By adhering to the traditional 9-5 routines, there’s a greater chance of congestion. Everyone has to travel to and from work at the same time each day.
A lack of public transport, or poor public transport options, will also cause problems. If there isn’t enough buses, trams, or local trains people are forced to take their cars to work. The ratio of passengers to vehicles decreases, whereas if they were able to take the bus people would feel less of a need to drive their cars.
In many places, commuters are forced away from public transport by the private companies which run them. Increasing fare prices, especially on the trains, making people to drive their own car because fuel costs are cheaper than public transport. By pushing people back to their cars again they only exasperate the congestion problem.
In conclusion, congestion is mainly caused by a desire for people to drive their cars coupled with a failure by local government to act.
These problems could easily be solved by introducing a rule that one family can possess only one car at a time. It can also be resolved by making dual carriageway or by narrowing the lanes which are already available so more lanes could be built. More public transport should be available to population and their fare should be cheap so that every single person can travel with an ease.